Glossophobia: Causes, Symptoms and How to Overcome It

Glossophobia is a phobia or excessive fear and anxiety when someone has to speak in front of many people. This phobia is a type of social phobia. Glossophobia is not a dangerous mental disorder, but it still needs to be addressed and managed properly so as not to interfere with the life and career of the sufferer.

Glossophobia Causes and Symptoms

Glossophobia is one of the most common types of phobias. It is estimated that about 75% of people worldwide experience it.

The exact cause of glossophobia is unknown. However, a person can be more at risk of suffering from this phobia, if he has experienced bad events or experiences in the past, such as being humiliated or judged when speaking in public.

The fear experienced by people with glossophobia appears as the body's natural response to feeling threatened when having to speak in public. This feeling of threat then prompts the brain to release stress hormones, such as cortisol and adrenaline, which can increase blood pressure and heart rate.

In addition to feeling excessive fear and anxiety, people who have glossophobia can also feel the following symptoms when they want to or are speaking in public:
  • Trembling
  • A cold sweat
  • be heart
  • rdebar
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Dizzy
  • Breath feels heavy or tight
  • Tense muscles
  • Urinating more often
When dealing with the public, people with glossophobia will often find it difficult to speak, stammer, or seem to stutter, even though they can speak fluently and normally with other people in private.

How to Overcome Glossophobia

People with glossophobia generally can socialize well, as long as they are not required to speak in front of many people. However, glossophobia still needs to be addressed so as not to interfere with the life of the sufferer.

To overcome glossophobia, you are advised to prepare yourself well when speaking in front of many people, so that nervousness can be reduced or overcome.

For example, before a presentation or speech, you can prepare the material to be delivered first. After that, take time to practice in front of the mirror so that you can speak more fluently.

If this has been done, but your glossophobia is not being managed properly or is getting worse, you should consult a psychologist or psychiatrist.

To treat glossophobia, doctors can provide several treatments in the form of:
  • Psychotherapy
One of the most effective ways to overcome glossophobia is to undergo psychotherapy guided by a psychologist. Through this session, you will be guided to find the root cause or source of anxiety and fear, so that you no longer feel afraid or too anxious when speaking in public.

Through psychotherapy, you will also be trained to calm yourself through relaxation techniques before you want to speak in front of many people, for example by practicing breathing and calming the mind.
  • Taking certain drugs
The use of drugs is generally rarely done to overcome glossophobia. However, if you already have another mental disorder, such as depression or severe anxiety disorder, every time you have to speak in public, your doctor can prescribe sedatives or antidepressants.

If you are one of those people who are afraid to speak in public and feel the symptoms of glossophobia, you should consult a psychologist or psychiatrist.

By overcoming this fear, you can become more confident and have the opportunity to have a better career, especially if your job requires you to often deal with many people.
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