Safe and Effective Ways to Overcome Stomach

In medical terms, ulcers are called dyspepsia. Ulcer is actually not a disease, but a symptom of gastric disorders, such as GERD, gastric infections, gastritis or gastric ulcers.

The emergence of ulcer symptoms is often caused by an unhealthy diet and lifestyle, such as the habit of eating too spicy food, smoking, consuming alcoholic beverages and coffee, and having psychological problems, such as severe stress, depression, and anxiety disorders.

Therefore, how to deal with ulcers is not only done by taking ulcer drugs, but also by changing bad habits that can trigger ulcers.

How to Overcome an Ulcer with Medical Drugs

The following are drugs that can be used as a way to treat ulcers:

1. Antacids

Antacids are drugs used to neutralize stomach acid and prevent the risk of irritation to the stomach and esophagus. There are several types of antacids that are commonly used, namely calcium carbonate, aluminum hydroxide, magnesium hydroxide, simethicone, and sodium bicarbonate.

2. H2 receptor antagonist (H2RA)

H2RA is a class of drugs used to reduce stomach acid production. Types of drugs that belong to the H2RA group include cimetidine, famotidine, nizatidine, and ranitidine. How to deal with this one ulcer is chosen by many people with ulcers because it can relieve complaints quickly.

3. Proton pump inhibitors (PPI)

Just like H2RA, PPI class drugs also function to reduce stomach acid production. The PPI class of drugs is also quite effective for treating symptoms of ulcers and heartburn. Drugs belonging to the PPI class include omeprazole, lansoprazole, rabeprazole, pantoprazole, and esomeprazole.

4. Antibiotics

Antibiotic drugs are only used to treat ulcers caused by Helicobacter pylori infection in the stomach. There are several types of antibiotics that can be prescribed by doctors as a way to treat ulcers due to gastric infections, including amoxicillin, clarithromycin, metronidazole, tetracycline, tinidazole, and levofloxacin.

5. Prokinetics

The next way to deal with ulcers is to take prokinetics prescribed by a doctor. This drug is known to help treat ulcers by speeding up the process of gastric emptying. Several types of drugs belonging to the prokinetic drug class are bethanechol and metoclopramide.

6. Sucralfate

Sucralfate is a drug that works by coating and protecting the stomach wall from irritation. In addition to treating ulcers, this drug is also used to support the recovery process of gastric damage, and prevent ulcer disease caused by bacteria such as H. pylori from coming back.

How to Overcome Other Ulcer

In addition to the use of medical drugs, how to deal with ulcers must also be accompanied by the following steps:

Regulate diet

As a way to deal with ulcers, there are good daily eating habits and patterns to apply, namely:
  • Eating food in small portions, but often
  • Chew food slowly so the body can digest food properly
  • Get used to not lying down immediately after eating, wait at least 3 hours
  • Avoid foods that trigger heartburn, such as chocolate, spicy foods, and foods that are too acidic, such as tomatoes and oranges
  • Avoid fizzy drinks, caffeine, and alcoholic drinks
  • Taking supplements containing fucoidan
Adopt positive habits

There are also some good habits that you can do to treat and prevent ulcers, including:
  • Do not smoke
  • Not drinking much suddenly
  • Exercise regularly
  • Don't exercise immediately after eating
  • Do not wear tight clothes that can compress the stomach and trigger stomach acid disease
  • Not taking drugs that can cause stomach irritation, such as non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)
Managing stress

If your ulcer is caused by stress, your doctor may also recommend relaxation exercises, meditation, and even counseling.

However, if your ulcer is triggered by a more serious psychological problem, your doctor will recommend that you undergo psychotherapy and use drugs to treat the psychological problem.

Although it rarely causes serious complications, you should apply the above methods of dealing with ulcers to prevent severe symptoms. Ulcers that occur continuously can make your appetite decrease, thus affecting the intake of nutrients to the body.

If you have heartburn that doesn't go away for more than 2 weeks, you should see a doctor. Likewise, if stomach ulcers cause weight loss, nausea and vomiting, weakness, difficulty chewing, black bowel movements, shortness of breath, or chest pain.
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